A-avitaminosis and a-hypovitaminosis, eye diseases (retinitis pigmentosa, xerophthalmia, hemeralopia, superficial keratitis, corneal lesions, conjunctivitis, pyoderma and eczema of the eyelids), in complex therapy: rickets’; acute respiratory diseases occurring against the background of exudative diathesis; acute and chronic bronchopulmonary diseases; hypotrophies; collagenosises’; in pathological skin processes (frostbite, burns, wounds, ichthyosis, follicular keratosis, senile keratosis, skin tuberculosis, some forms of eczema, psoriasis); in inflammatory and ulcerative-erosive lesions of the intestine; cirrhosis.
Composition and form of release Retinol acetat
It consists of acetate (vitamin A). It is a white crystal with an audible smell of spruce.
It is practically insoluble in water, for that it is diluted in alcohol, oils and fats, and completely disintegrates under the influence of oxygen and light.
It is considered a fat-soluble vitamin. In the course of metabolism, the drug takes on intensive assistance. It promotes an increase in the synthesis of protein and bone tissue, which characterizes the growth of bones and cartilage. In addition, retinol plays an important role in the formation and maintenance of the body’s endurance to negative conditions of the outer sphere. Due to its low molecular weight, the substance has the property of penetrating thoroughly into the skin and activates the process of new cell growth.
Retinol acetate is an oil essence that is needed for external or oral administration.
The adaptation of the substance, for the most part, is prescribed for the treatment of vitamin deficiency, ailments of the dermatological integument and eye diseases. In case of skin lesions, it is recommended to apply the substance under a gauze bandage up to 6 times a day. Children over 7 years of age are usually prescribed about 1 -2 drops of the drug orally.
The main danger of using large doses of vitamin A is intoxication of the body, that is, in fact, poisoning. Chronic intoxication is characterized by headaches, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, joint pain. Contraindications to the use of vitamin A are active allergic reactions and hypothyroidism. Also, you can not take retinol preparations together with retinoids, since the combination of these substances increases the toxic effect.
Application during pregnancy and lactation
For women who intend to give birth, vitamin A is of great value as it stimulates postpartum tissue regeneration (in particular, recovery after cesarean section). During pregnancy, it is very important to monitor the amount of renatol intake in the body in order to prevent an excess of vitamin A. Otherwise, the child may develop birth defects and liver damage.
Method of administration and dosage
The drug is taken internally for prophylaxis and treatment within 10-15 minutes after eating. Some time before the introduction, the mixture for injection is heated as close as possible to the temperature of the human body.
In large quantities, the substance carries such malignant symptoms as: ataxia, migraine, nausea, vomiting, pain in the bones of the lower extremities. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
When taking the medicine in large portions, there is a risk of progression of a chronic vitamin A overdose.
In case of skin diseases, the use of doses higher than the norm of the product, after 7-10 days of treatment, can be accompanied by an exacerbation of the inflammatory reaction, which does not need additional treatment, and in the future it disappears altogether.
Storage conditions Retinol acetate
The product should be stored in a refrigerator with a temperature of about + 2 ° C to + 8 ° C.
Limit access to medication for children.
After 3 years, the use of the drug is not desirable.