Hand skin disinfection. Antiseptic and disinfectants.
Composition and form of release
Main active ingredient: ethanol.
The excipients included in the preparation: purified water.
It is produced in the form of a solution for external use, in bottles of 100 ml. The composition uses ethanol in a dosage of at least 95.1% and a maximum of 96.9%.
This drug is included in the group of antiseptic drugs. Also used as a disinfectant
The main active ingredient is ethanol, in various percentages. This is a monohydric alcohol, also called methylcarbinol, alcohol, alcohol. In addition to antiseptic properties, it can also be used as a fuel, solvent, filler for thermometers.
If the drug is used externally, then in addition to a disinfectant, it also has a local irritant effect. Able to coagulate proteins. Its activity lends itself to gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms – both bacteria and viruses.
Has a tanning effect on the dermis and mucous membranes.
Ingestion of ethanol causes a strong stimulating effect on the central nervous system, especially on the cerebral cortex. Under the influence of alcohol, inhibition processes are weakened.
After further exposure to the body, the processes of excitation in the central nervous system are weakened, the work of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata is inhibited, and the functions of the respiratory center are inhibited.
This drug is used topically, as an external antiseptic for disinfecting the skin of the hands, treating boils, panaritiums, infiltrates, mastitis in the initial stages.
Can be used for warming compresses.
The drug in question is contraindicated for use in cases where the patient has severe hypersensitivity (allergy) to the main or one of the auxiliary components.
Use is contraindicated if the skin has pronounced inflammatory processes. In addition, it is not used for:
- treating pulmonary edema;
- psychomotor agitation;
- intact pain syndrome in myocardial infarction (this is due to the low efficiency and poor tolerance of this type of therapy in patients with the above syndromes).
The use of ethanol orally simultaneously with nitrofurans causes an increase in the toxicity of nitrofurans. The simultaneous intake of ethanol with antidiabetic agents can cause the development of hypoglycemic coma.
Ethanol has the ability to reduce the effectiveness of thiamine. When taken together with acetylsalicylic acid, there is an increase in the risk of stomach ulcers when combined.
Taking sleeping pills together can cause severe breathing difficulties. Ethanol also increases the neurotoxicity of penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, regardless of whether ethanol was administered orally or intravenously.
In pediatrics, it is not used until the age of 14.
Application during pregnancy and lactation
This drug is contraindicated in the treatment of pregnant women.
If it is necessary to take the drug during breastfeeding, lactation is suspended.
Method of administration and dosage
For external use: the drug is applied to the skin using cotton swabs, napkins.
When used for compresses, dilute in a 1: 1 ratio with clean water.
Overdose with external use was not observed.
With excessive oral or intravenous intake, it is possible:
- oppression of the respiratory center.
- coma (symptoms – cold clammy skin, facial flushing, decreased body temperature, vomiting, involuntary discharge of urine and feces, constriction of the pupils, and with progression – respiratory failure, nystagmus, tachycardia);
- convulsions, aspiration of vomit, laryngospasm;
- possible respiratory arrest due to mechanical asphyxia;
- oppression of cardiovascular activity.
In case of overdose – apply treatment of symptoms, rinse the stomach, induce vomiting, take enterosorbents.
The drug is usually well tolerated when used externally if used in the recommended doses.
You may experience:
- skin irritation;
- irritation of the mucous membranes;
- depression of the central nervous system.
Storage conditions and periods
The shelf life is 5 years.
The storage temperature should not exceed 25 ° C.